148. How to assess ankle sprains & start rehab with Zoe Russell

Zoe Russell discusses ankle sprain assessment and treatment, and how to return your patients to sport. You’ll discover how to help your ankle sprain patients fully recover as quickly as possible, and avoid long term issues, such as chronic ankle instability, osteoarthritis or other lower limb injuries.  Zoe is a Specialist Sports Physiotherapist (FACP), APA Titled Musculoskeletal and Sports Physio, as well as a Clinical Edge Senior Educator and Presenter, and in this Physio Edge podcast hosted by David Pope, we discuss the latest evidence and practical strategies for ankle sprains, including:    Assessment  Common issues therapists face when rehabilitating ankle sprain patients.  Questions you need to ask your ankle sprain patients.  How a previous history of ankle sprains impacts your assessment & treatment. Why patients with inversion injuries may have medial ankle pain. How to avoid stirring up patients pain during your assessment.   Diagnosis Common mechanisms of injury, and how this guides your diagnosis.  Structures that are likely to be injured with different ankle injuries.   Treatment  10 key elements to include in your assessment & treatment. How to help reduce swelling quickly after an ankle sprain, and why this is important. Immediate sideline management for ankle sprains at sporting events. Whether manual therapy has a role in acute ankle injuries or persistent ankle pain and swelling.  How to explain ankle sprains, recovery & rehab to your patient. What you’re looking to achieve with your early rehab.  How to set rehab targets or goals with your patients. The role of taping in ankle rehab. Taping compared to bracing. Whether long term taping or bracing is a useful long term injury prevention strategy.  The latest surgical procedures for patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI).   Links Zoe Russell David Pope on Twitter Improve your musculoskeletal and sports injury assessment & treatment results with a free trial Clinical Edge membership Explain acute and persistent pain to your patients, without giving them the message “It’s all in your head” with the Making sense of pain training module Comprehensive low back pain assessment & treatment training module David Pope at Clinical Edge References CLICK HERE to download the article associated with this podcast Bestwick-Stevenson, T., Wyatt, L. A., Palmer, D., Ching, A., Kerslake, R., Coffey, F., Batt, M. E., & Scammell, B. E. (2021). Incidence and risk factors for poor ankle functional recovery, and the development and progression of posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis after significant ankle ligament injury (SALI): the SALI cohort study protocol. BMC musculoskeletal disorders, 22(1), 362. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-021-04230-8 Delco ML, Kennedy JG, Bonassar LJ, Fortier LA. Post-traumatic osteoarthritis of the ankle: A distinct clinical entity requiring new research approaches. J Orthop Res. 2017 Mar;35(3):440-453. doi: 10.1002/jor.23462. Epub 2016 Nov 8. PMID: 27764893; PMCID: PMC5467729. Herzog MM, Kerr ZY, Marshall SW, Wikstrom EA. Epidemiology of Ankle Sprains and Chronic Ankle Instability. J Athl Train. 2019 Jun;54(6):603-610. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-447-17. Epub 2019 May 28. PMID: 31135209; PMCID: PMC6602402. van Ochten, J. M., de Vries, A. D., van Putte, N., Oei, E., Bindels, P., Bierma-Zeinstra, S., & van Middelkoop, M. (2017). Association between Patient History and Physical Examination and Osteoarthritis after Ankle Sprain. International journal of sports medicine, 38(9), 717–724. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-109554     Chapters: 03:47 - Untreated ankle sprains 05:27 - Latest evidence 07:04 - Subjective questions 09:45 - Common mechanisms of injury 11:47 - Plantarflexion/inversion injury with medial ankle pain 15:22 - Dorsiflexion eversion injuries 15:54 - Swelling 21:11 - Objective tests 26:32 - Irritability 26:47 - Figure of 8 taping technique 28:56 - Inferior and superior tib-fib joint assessment 32:14 - Treatment 42:41 - Change of direction 43:17 - Tape or brace? 50:06 - Mobilise or immobilise?

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Inspiring interviews with leading Physiotherapists, discussing real life assessment and treatment, clinical issues and ways to give you an edge in your Physiotherapy clinical practice.